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Energoatom rejects media reports about South Ukraine 2 licence

World Nuclear News - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:19
Energoatom, Ukraine's nuclear power plant operator, has drawn attention to misreporting by some Ukrainian media that have claimed the country's regulator does not intend to renew the operating licence of unit 2 of the South Ukraine nuclear power plant.

China, India back global climate deal

World Nuclear News - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:10
China and India issued a statement underscoring the importance of working together and with other countries to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, universal, balanced and equitable climate agreement in Paris later this year.

BAF-mediated avoidance of autophagy [Cell Biology]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
Knowledge of the mechanisms by which a cell detects exogenous DNA is important for controlling pathogen infection, because most pathogens entail the presence of exogenous DNA in the cytosol, as well as for understanding the cell’s response to artificially transfected DNA. The cellular response to pathogen invasion has been well...

Evolution of IIS/TOR in amniotes [Evolution]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
The insulin/insulin-like signaling and target of rapamycin (IIS/TOR) network regulates lifespan and reproduction, as well as metabolic diseases, cancer, and aging. Despite its vital role in health, comparative analyses of IIS/TOR have been limited to invertebrates and mammals. We conducted an extensive evolutionary analysis of the IIS/TOR network across 66...

Ten-coordinated TiO2 and SiO2 at high pressure [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
We predict by first-principles methods a phase transition in TiO2 at 6.5 Mbar from the Fe2P-type polymorph to a ten-coordinated structure with space group I4/mmm. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of the pressure-induced phase transition to the I4/mmm structure among all dioxide compounds. The I4/mmm structure was...

Structural twists in a viral DNA gatekeeper [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
Many icosahedral viruses use a specialized portal vertex to control genome encapsidation and release from the viral capsid. In tailed bacteriophages, the portal system is connected to a tail structure that provides the pipeline for genome delivery to the host cell. We report the first, to our knowledge, subnanometer structures...

ASLV vectors dissect multiple neural circuits [Neuroscience]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
Pathway-specific gene delivery is requisite for understanding complex neuronal systems in which neurons that project to different target regions are locally intermingled. However, conventional genetic tools cannot achieve simultaneous, independent gene delivery into multiple target cells with high efficiency and low cross-reactivity. In this study, we systematically screened all receptor–envelope...

Regulation of AMD pathogenesis by factor H [Medical Sciences]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
Complement factor H (CFH) is a major susceptibility gene for age-related macular degeneration (AMD); however, its impact on AMD pathobiology is unresolved. Here, the role of CFH in the development of AMD pathology in vivo was interrogated by analyzing aged Cfh+/− and Cfh−/− mice fed a high-fat, cholesterol-enriched diet. Strikingly,...

VEGF-B promotes cancer metastasis [Medical Sciences]

PNAS Early Edition Articles - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 09:07
The biological functions of VEGF-B in cancer progression remain poorly understood. Here, we report that VEGF-B promotes cancer metastasis through the remodeling of tumor microvasculature. Knockdown of VEGF-B in tumors resulted in increased perivascular cell coverage and impaired pulmonary metastasis of human melanomas. In contrast, the gain of VEGF-B function...

World Bank: ‘One in seven people still live without electricity’ – 1.1 billion people

Climate Depot - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 07:13
https://ca.news.yahoo.com/one-seven-people-still-live-without-electricity-world-073404900.html India made significant advances, but progress in sub-Saharan Africa was far too slow, said a report tracking the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative, launched by the U.N. Secretary-General in 2011. Almost no headway was made in switching people from biomass cooking fuels such as kerosene, wood and dung, the report added. “We are [...]

Waste emplacement begins at Dounreay disposal vaults

World Nuclear News - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 07:06
The first two vaults of the new low-level waste disposal facility at the UK's Dounreay site has begun accepting waste. Up to four additional vaults could be constructed at the facility.

Monckton responds to ‘death threat’ against climate-change ‘deniers’

Climate Depot - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 06:41

GNF launches next-generation fuel

World Nuclear News - Tue, 05/19/2015 - 04:05
CORRECTED: Global Nuclear Fuel (GNF) has made its next-generation GNF3 boiling water reactor (BWR) fuel assembly available to customers for the first time.
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